During the last week of July 1942 the Germans used three new types of incendiary
1. The first type is basically the usual 1-kilo (2.2 lbs.) German incendiary, but is
designed for greater effect against personnel. It also has greater penetrating power
against buildings. Whereas the earlier-type bomb had an explosive charge in the tail, the
new type has a fuse and a more powerful charge contained in an extension fitted to the
nose. The total length, exclusive of the tail, is 17 inches; total weight, 5 pounds. The
time interval between the igniting of the incendiary and the detonation of the explosive
charge depends upon the fuse setting, and may be up to 5 minutes, or even more. The
explosive charge sometimes breaks off and detonates separately. At a distance
of 20 yards from the point of detonation one is reasonably safe if lying down. Thin
wires, with a 2-inch disk attached at one end, and about 18 inches long, found
at some distance from the point of impact, are an indication of this type of bomb. These
wires are released by the bombs as they fall from their container.
2. The second type is a combination incendiary and H.E. bomb with 12 pounds of T.N.T. in the
nose. This bomb has a casing like that of a 50-kilogram H.E. bomb, and the usual type of
fuse to split open the casing on impact. As the bomb hits it throws out about 60 metal
containers with a thermite-type filling and 6 preignited fire pots of the magnesium
electron type. Immediately thereafter the T.N.T. detonates. The thermite containers
are about 2.25 inches in length, and triangular in section with about 1-inch sides. The
fire pots are shaped like a large tumbler; they are 5.75 inches in length, 3.75 inches
in diameter at the top, and 2.25 inches at the base.
3. The third type of incendiary has the same casing and fuse as the second. This bomb
contains oil, rubber, and phosphorous in a sticky liquid form which is
scattered 20 to 30 yards and ignites spontaneously.
Method of Handling.
It is reported that these bombs should be handled as indicated below. The methods
described, however, are tentative only.
1. In combating the bomb first described it must be remembered that the explosive and
incendiary parts may be at some distance from each other. If the bomb hits where it may
start a fire, sand mats may be used (1) after the explosive has detonated, or (2) when
application immediately after impact is possible and cover can be taken at once. Application
of sand mats should not be attempted under any other circumstances; otherwise, a jet of
water should be used from behind cover which would give protection
against a 4-pound antipersonnel bomb--as for example, a brick wall. If the bomb strikes
where it will not start a fire one should wait 5 minutes before attempting to dispose
of it. As indicated above, one is reasonably safe if in a prone position at a
distance of 20 yards from the bomb. Duds should be handled with care and, if
stored, placed in a horizontal position.
2. After the detonation of the TNT, the incendiary elements of the second type of bomb
should be handled like the usual 1-kilogram incendiary.
3. In the case of the third type the initial safety precautions are the same as for the
first type. The bomb having burst, the scattered contents should be attacked with
sand, stirrup hand-pump, buckets of water, etc. Since phosphorous may reignite, equipment
and clothing splashed with it must be kept thoroughly wetted until removed. If phosphorous
gets on the skin the affected area should immediately be placed in water, or a wet pad